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Facts about the Royal Parks

Which are The Royal Parks?   Bushy Park, Greenwich Park, Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens, Richmond Park, St James's Park, The Green Park and The Regent's Park.
How big?   Total size 5,000 acres (2,023ha)
Why are they important?  
  • Unparalleled opportunities for relaxation, exercise, entertainment and education
  • As some of London's biggest green spaces, they cool urban temperatures, reduce wind speeds and absorb pollution and flood water
  • Fine horticulture, excellent wildlife sites and some of the country's most important buildings, statues and memorials
  • Venues for leading sporting and cultural events
Brief history  Deer parks Most were originally royal hunting chases, enclosed from the 15th century onwards, beginning with Greenwich Park in 1433.
Formal gardens Monarchs progressively redesigned the parks as formal gardens with avenues and water features, beginning with King Charles II at St James's and Greenwich Parks in the 1660s.
Public parks The parks were gradually opened to the public, beginning with The Regent's Park in 1845. The parks soon became popular places for relaxation, leisure and entertainment.
Ownership and management   Owned by the Monarch in right of the Crown. The Secretary of State for the Department of Media, Culture and Sport (DCMS) has overall responsibility for the management of the parks, and The Royal Parks charity look after them on behalf of DCMS.
The Royal Parks charity   In 2017, The Royal Parks charity was established to fundraise for and manage the parks on behalf of DCMS.
Who manages the Royal Parks charity   The Royal Parks is led by a Board of Trustees, which decides how the charity is run, how we spend money and ensures what we do is for the benefit of the parks and our visitors. The trustees are led by a Chairman, and are appointed for their skills and experience. The day-to-day operation of the parks is managed by a Chief Executive and a senior management team.
Responsibility of TRP   To conserve and enhance London's eight Royal Parks for current and future generations to explore, value and enjoy. 
Other land managed by TRP   Primrose Hill, Brompton Cemetery, Victoria Tower Gardens, Canning Green, Poets Green and the Longford River.
Staffing   TRP employs approximately 150 staff.
Contracted work   TRP contracts out most of the grounds, works and tree maintenance, as well as services, such as catering, boating, deck chairs, and some sports.
Policing   The responsibility of the Metropolitan Police Service since 2004.
Park offices   The headquarters of TRP is The Old Police, Hyde Park, London W2 2UH
T 0300 061 2000.  There are also offices in most of the parks.  

The Royal Parks in numbers

77.7 million   visits per year (Ipsos Mori)
£40 million   cost of running the parks each year (approximately)
9.1 million   cycle rides each year (Ipsos Mori)
£9 million   raised through events (Annual Report 2015-16)
£4 million   raised through catering (Annual Report 2015-16)
2.2 million   dog walks each year (Ipsos Mori)
500,000   flowers planted across all the parks
170,000   trees (approximately)
100,000   roses (approximately)
65,000   horse rides each year (Ipsos Mori)
28,000   tulips planted in the Memorial Gardens outside Buckingham Palace (approximately)
2,000   different types of flowers planted spanning 200 varieties
600+   buildings and structures
195   listed buildings and structures
68   miles of paths, cycle routes and horse-rides
49   miles of boundary walls & fences
28   tennis courts
32   miles of roads
21   lakes and ponds
16   football pitches
15   miles of river
14   children's play areas
12   cricket pitches
8   established walking routes
3   scheduled monuments/archaeological sites
1   World Heritage Site (Greenwich Park)

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