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Canada Gate

Name of monument  Canada Gate
Description   A screen of gilded wrought iron gates between two Portland stone pillars.
Location   Entrance to Green Park facing the Queen Victoria Memorial.
History\background   Commissioned in 1905 as part of the memorial to Queen Victoria, who died in 1901. Presented to London by Canada.
Designer   The Bromsgrove Guild, artists associated with the Arts and Crafts Movement.
Dates   Installed 1908.
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks.
Interesting facts   The metalwork includes the crests of Canadian provinces.

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Canada Memorial

Name of monument  Canada Memorial
Description   Modern memorial fountain comprising two wedges of red granite, over which water flows, inset with bronze maple leaves, the national symbol of Canada.
Location   North west of Canada Gate.
History\background   Unveiled by HRH The Queen in 1994 in memory of one million Canadians who served with British forces during the two World Wars.
Designer   Pierre Granche.
Dates   1994.
Maintenance\care   The Veteran Affairs Department of the Government of Canada.
Interesting facts   A narrow walkway, which divides the memorial, faces the direction of the Canadian port of Halifax, Nova Scotia, from where many Canadian service personnel sailed for Europe.

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Dominion Gates

Name of monument  Dominion Gates
Description   Stone columns and wrought iron gates presented by the dominions of Canada and Australia, surrounding the Queen Victoria Memorial.
Location   Canada Gate (columns and gates) on The Green Park boundary, see above; South and West Africa Gate (columns only) on the Mall; Australia Gate (columns and side gates only) on the south side near Birdcage Walk; Newfoundland (outlier column) on the northern edge near Canada Gate; and Malay States (outlier column) on the southern edge.
History\background   Installed in 1908 as part of Sir Aston Webb's Queen Victoria Memorial.
Designer   Statuary on the pillars by Alfred Drury and Derwent Wood; metal gates by the Bromsgrove Guild (see Canada Gates).
Dates   1908
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks.
Interesting facts   The Mall was widened to accommodate the memorial scheme.

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Memorial Gates

Name of monument  Memorial Gates
Description   Four pillars of Portland stone carved with the names India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Africa, Caribbean and Kingdom of Nepal. Between the piers are a domed pavilion and two stone benches.
Location   North west end of Constitution Hill at the junction with Hyde Park Corner.
History\background   The first permanent national recognition of the contribution and sacrifice made in the two World Wars by nearly five million people from the Indian Sub-Continent, Africa and the Caribbean.
Designer   Liam O'Connor.
Dates   Inaugurated by HRH The Queen in 2002.
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks.
Interesting facts   The pillars are topped with bronze urn and gas flames, which are lit on special occasions such as Remembrance Sunday, Armistice Day and Commonwealth Day. The names of holders of Victoria and George Crosses are engraved on the inside of the pavilion and the major campaigns are listed on the benches. Supported with a Lottery grant of over £1 million.

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Queen Victoria Memorial

Name of monument  Queen Victoria Memorial
Description   Comprises the Dominion Gates (see above), Memorial Gardens and the vast central monument to Queen Victoria. The monument is 25m (82ft) high and uses 2,300 tones of white Carrara marble. As well as Victoria, there are statues representing courage, constancy, victory, charity, truth and motherhood.
Location   At the south west end of The Mall, opposite Buckingham Palace.
History\background   Commemorates the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.
Designer   Central monument by Sir Thomas Brock; overall design by Sir Aston Webb.
Dates   Assembled 1906-24. Formal unveiling in 1911 by King George V.
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks.
Interesting facts   King George V spontaneously knighted Thomas Brock at the unveiling ceremony. Among the guests was Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany, with whom Britain would be at war three years later.

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