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Admiralty Arch

Name of monument  Admiralty Arch
Description   Grade I listed curved stone building with three arches linking The Mall to Trafalgar Square.
Location   North east end of The Mall.
History\background   Commissioned by King Edward VII for the memorial to Queen Victoria.
Designer   Sir Aston Webb.
Dates   1912
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
Interesting facts   The inside wall of the northernmost arch has a small protrusion like a human nose. It is at about waist height for anyone on horseback and is traditionally thought to honour the Duke of Wellington, known for having a large nose. Soldiers would rub the nose for good luck as they rode through the arch.

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Boy statue

Name of monument  Boy statue
Description   Stone statue of a seated boy on a marble plinth.
Location   Opposite Queen Anne's Gate on Birdcage Walk.
History\background   Originally a drinking fountain.
Designer   C H Mabey.
Dates   1863
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
Interesting facts   Water came from the mouths of four fish and collected in shell-shaped basins.

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Captain Cook statue

Name of monument  Captain Cook statue
Description   Bronze statue on stone plinth.
Location   Next to Admiralty Arch on the south side of The Mall.
History\background   Commemorates the explorer and navigator, Captain James Cook (1728-79).
Designer   Sir Thomas Brock.
Dates   1914
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
Interesting facts   Sir Thomas Brock designed the Queen Victoria Memorial (see The Green Park)

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Duke of York statue

Name of monument  Duke of York statue
Description   Bronze statue of the Duke of York on a 124ft column.
Location   At the top of the Duke of York Steps, on the north side of The Mall.
History\background   Installed in memory of Frederick William (1763-1827), Commander in Chief of the British Army and second son of King George III. He is probably The Grand Old Duke of York of the nursery rhyme.
Designer   Statue by Sir Richard Westmacott; column by Benjamin Wyatt.
Dates   1834
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
Interesting facts   The Duke left many debts when he died and the column is said to be so tall to stop his creditors reaching the statue on the top. The monument cost £21,000 and much of it was raised by soldiers who donated a day's pay.

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Guards Memorial

Name of monument  Guards Memorial
Description   Cenotaph with five life-size bronze figures representing the Foot Guards Regiments (Grenadiers, Coldstream, Scots, Welsh and Irish). The inscription is by Rudyard Kipling.
Location   Horse Guards Road opposite the parade ground.
History\background   Installed in memory of Guardsmen who died in World War I. It was unveiled by the Duke of Connaught, the uncle of King George V. After World War II an inscription was added to remember those who died between 1939 and 1945.
Designer   Cenotaph by H Charlton Bradshaw. Sculpture by Gilbert Ledward.
Dates   Unveiled 1926.
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
   The sculptures were made from guns captured in World War I and modelled on real guardsmen. The Irish Guardsman got impatient while he was being modelled and left before the artist had finished, so his legs belong to another soldier. The Memorial was damaged by German bombs during World War II and during the repairs a small hole was deliberately left in one of the sculptures.

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Queen Mary Memorial plaque

  Queen Mary Memorial plaque
Description   Simple rectangular plaque with relief profile of Queen Mary.
Location   Wall of Marlborough House garden, The Mall.
History\background   Installed in memory of Queen Mary (1867-1953), wife of King George V.
Designer   William Reid Dick.
Dates   Unveiled 1967.
Maintenance\care   Royal Household and Royal Collection.
Interesting facts   Queen Mary lived at Marlborough House after her husband died in 1936 until her death in 1953.

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Queen Mother Memorial

Name of monument  Queen Mother Memorial
Description   Bronze statue of the Queen Mother in ceremonial robes on a stone plinth.
Location   North side of The Mall between Marlborough Road and the Duke of York Steps.
History\background   The national memorial to The Queen Mother, who died in 2002, aged 101. The statue of the Queen Mother shows her at 51 years, her age when she was widowed. The memorial incorporates the existing bronze statue of her husband, King George VI, who died in 1952.
Designer   Statue by Philip Jackson. Two bronze friezes depicting scenes from the Queen Mother's life by Paul Day.
Dates   Unveiled by HM The Queen in 2009.
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
Interesting facts   The memorial cost £2m and was funded by a £5 coin, produced by the Royal Mint to celebrate the Queen's 80th birthday.

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South African Royal Artillery Memorial

Name of monument  South African Royal Artillery Memorial
Description   Bronze winged figure of Peace subduing a horse representing War, standing on a pedestal of Portland stone.
Location   South side of the Mall, north of the Storeyard and St James's Park Office.
History\background   Installed in memory of members of the Royal Artillery killed in the Boer War in southern Africa 1899-1902.
Designer   Statue by William Robert Colton; pedestal by Sir Aston Webb.
Dates   1910
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
Interesting facts   Bronze plates list the names of the dead. The Memorial was unveiled by the Duke of Connaught, uncle of King George V.

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Graspan Royal Marines Memorial

Name of monument  Graspan Royal Marines Memorial
Description   Two bronze figures representing Royal Marines on a Portland stone plinth.
Location   Next to Admiralty Arch on the north side of the Mall.
History\background   Erected in memory of Royal Marines who died in the Boxer Rebellion Campaign in China and the Boer War in southern Africa. In 2000 it became the Royal Marines National Memorial and is the focus of the annual Graspan Parade.
Designer   Adrian Jones.
Dates   1903
Maintenance\care   The Royal Parks
Interesting facts   The base is decorated with bronze plaques by Sir Thomas Graham Jackson depicting the battles and Roll of Honour of the two original campaigns. In 1940 it was put in storage to make way for the building of The Citadel. It was moved to its present position in 1948.

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Royal Naval Division Memorial

Name of monument  Royal Naval Division Memorial
Description   Stone obelisk and fountain. Includes an inscription by Rupert Brooke, who died on active service with the Royal Naval Division (RND) in the Dardanelles in 1915.
Location   North west corner of Horse Guards Parade, next to Old Admiralty Buildings.
History\background   Installed in memory of 45,000 members of the RND who died during World War I. The RND was formed in 1914 by Winston Churchill as an intervention force. It fought at Gallipoli and on the Western Front and was disbanded in 1919.
Designer   Sir Edwin Lutyens.
Dates   Unveiled at Horse Guards in 1925 by Winston Churchill.
Maintenance\care   Royal Naval Division Memorial Appeal.
Interesting facts   The memorial was commissioned by surviving members of the RND. It was stored during World War II then installed at the Royal Naval College at Greenwich in 1951. It returned to Horse Guards and was re-dedicated in 2003 on Beaucourt Day (the Regimental Day on November 13th marking the successful attack on Beaucourt-sur-l'Ancre in the Battle of the Somme in 1916).

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