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With over 445 hectares (1,099 acres) of land, Bushy Park is the second largest Royal Park in London and there is an incredible range of wildlife and habitats within its walls.

Bushy Park has a distinctive landscape, shaped in part by its history as a royal hunting ground but also by its many ponds and streams. These are fed with water by the Longford River created in 1637 by Charles I to bring water to Hampton Court Palace. The Longford runs for 12 miles from the north of Heathrow airport down through Bedfont, Feltham, and Hampton, through the park and on to Hampton Court.

Deer in Bushy Park

Bushy Park is a deer park. Red and Fallow Deer still roam freely throughout the park, just as they did when Henry VIII used to hunt here.

Mammals

The mix of woodland and grassland areas in Bushy Park makes it ideal for a variety of mammals.

Invertebrates

Bushy Park is of national importance for its insects and other invertebrates, with 123 nationally scarce or threatened species recorded so far.

Birds

There is a long list of birds that can be found in Bushy Park which includes all three native woodpeckers, kestrel, tawny owl and a range of waterfowl.

Fish

Bushy Park's many ponds and streams are home to a very good range of fish including perch, roach, chub, bream and rudd.

Grasses and Wildflowers

Bushy Park contains a regionally important area (about 130 hectares) of Acid Grassland, which is a priority habitat for conservation.

Trees

One key feature of Bushy Park is its splendid avenues of mature trees. Learn more about the tree varieties found in Bushy Park.

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