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Richmond Park is a site of both national and international importance for wildlife conservation. It is London's largest Site of Special Scientific Interest, a National Nature Reserve and a Special Area of Conservation.

Richmond Park is a top UK site for ancient trees, particularly oaks, which have great historic and wildlife importance. The trees and associated decaying wood support nationally endangered species of fungi, as well as a remarkable range of nationally scarce invertebrates such as the cardinal click beetle and the stag beetle. Over one thousand species of beetle (more than one quarter of the British list) have been recorded in the park.

This incredible environment has been created by centuries of grazing by herds of red and fallow deer.

Deer in Richmond Park

Richmond Park, originally a deer-hunting park, still has 300 Red Deer and 350 fallow deer. The deer in the park are wild animals.


Bird life in Richmond Park is hugely varied with around 144 species recorded over the last 10 years and 63 breeding species, including all three native woodpeckers, kestrels, owls and a range of waterfowl.

Bats in Richmond Park

Richmond Park covers almost 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) of Greater London and supports over 100,000 trees making it an incredibly important site for bats.


Over 250 types of fungi have been identified in Richmond Park.

Grasses and wildflowers

Centuries of grazing by deer have helped us to maintain a very special habitat - the largest area of Lowland Acid Grassland in the London area.


A remarkable range of invertebrates lives in the Richmond Park. Records so far include 139 spider species, 546 butterfly and moth species and over 1350 beetle species.


As well as deer, a range of other mammals lives in the park, though they may not be as obvious.

Stag Beetles

Richmond Park is home to the endangered and distinctive Stag Beetle - a gentle giant of the insect world.


The oldest, largest and most noticeable inhabitants of the Park are its trees.

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