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Over the next few months around 300 deer will be born across Richmond and Bushy Parks. Giving birth is a vulnerable time for any animal, but with both parks attracting millions of visitors every year, it's magnified for these herds of wild, free-roaming deer.

It is important to give the female deer privacy and respect, by steering clear of nursery areas and always keeping at least 50 metres away from all deer. From now until Monday 2 August 2021, it is compulsory for dogs to be on leads in Bushy and Richmond Parks.

Red deer in long grass

1. Female deer will often give birth away from the herd

Prior to birthing, females will select an area of dense vegetation such as long grass and bracken so that the newly born deer are hidden from dogs and other perceived predators.

We politely request that all visitors give female deer respect, privacy, and space, and do not go in search of young deer.

A red deer licking its calf after birth

2. Deer deploy other methods to deter predators

To disguise the scent of their newborn, mothers will lick the fawn clear of birth fluid and it will also eat its own placenta. Red deer are born with a spotted coat to provide camouflage from predators, but they lose this a couple of months after birth.

Newborn deer rising to its feet

3. Deer can usually stand within 45 minutes of birth

Newborns can stand up relatively quickly after birth, but it will take a while for them to be strong enough and fast enough to keep up with their mother. Female deer are particularly alert and wary for the first few weeks of their young’s life. If you spot a female on high alert, consider retracing your steps and giving it a wide berth.

Baby deer suckling

4. Newborn deer are left in a suitable hiding place whilst their mothers forage

Every year we receive calls of ‘abandoned’ baby deer. But rest assured, female deer are excellent mothers, and they are not shirking their responsibility. Instead, they are hiding their young whilst they forage for food to create the milk they need to nourish their young. Throughout the course of the day, the mother will periodically return to suckle her newborn.

Please do not traumatise the newly born deer by picking them up. Although we understand the act is well intentioned, a mother is more likely to abandon its young if a human disturbs it.

Dog on a lead

5. Dogs must be on leads in all areas of the parks

Female deer are afraid of dogs harming their young. Concern for their newborn means they may act defensively towards dogs – they have been known to give chase and attack – even if the dog is at a distance and not acting provocatively. During deer birthing season, we strongly advise that dogs are not walked in either Richmond or Bushy Parks, but if this is not possible they must be on a lead in all areas of both parks from now until Monday 2 August 2021.

Deer are instinctively frightened of dogs and this fear has not been helped by recent events. Since March 2020 we’ve been alerted to 90 incidents of dogs chasing deer, but as many incidents go unreported we expect the actual number to be much higher.

Royal Parks Volunteer Ranger chatting with visitors

6. The Volunteer Rangers are here to help

On weekends we have Volunteer Rangers in Bushy and Richmond Parks to educate visitors about deer birthing season and the importance of keeping their distance, both for the welfare of the deer and their own. If you see the rangers in the park why not stop and say hello?

With thanks for photographs provided by Terri Watson and Amanda Cook.

For information on how to safely photograph deer please read the British Deer Society's Code of Conduct.

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